Mauritius is a multiparty democracy governed by a prime minister, a council of ministers, and a national assembly. International and local observers judged elections in December 2014 to be generally free and fair. Civilian authorities maintained effective control over the security forces.
The most important reported human rights problems were security force abuse of suspects and detainees, and violence and discrimination against women.
Other reported human rights problems included arbitrary arrests, corruption, abuse and sexual exploitation of children, human trafficking, discrimination and abuse based on sexual orientation or gender identity, discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS, restrictions on labor rights, antiunion discrimination, and child labor.
The government took steps to prosecute and punish officials who committed abuses, whether in the security services or elsewhere in the government; but enforcement was inconsistent, and sometimes politically motivated, resulting in the appearance of impunity.